The Executive Order of December 16, 1882, by Chester A. Arthur from the Executive Mansion states the following: It is hereby ordered that the tract of country, in the territory of Arizona lying and being within the following described boundaries, viz: beginning on the one hundred and tenth degree of longitude west from Greenwich, at a point 36° 30í north, thence due west to the one hundred and eleventh degree of longitude west, thence due south to a point of longitude 35° 30í north; thence due east to the one hundred and tenth degree of longitude west, thence due north to place of beginning, be and the same is hereby withdrawn from settlement and sale, and set apart for the use and occupancy of the Moqui, and such other Indians as the Secretary of the Interior may see fit to settle thereon.
In 1933, the oil companies request the Hopi Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Indian agency of who owns the mineral rights to the Moqui Reservation. The Hopi BIA Indian Agency twice refer the matter to the BIA Indian Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C. On June 11, 1946, the Interior Solicitor says the Hopi and Navajo settled prior to 1936 own the minerals.
In 1946, Congress passes the Indian Claims Commission Act which was a welfare program for lawyers to be hired by Indian tribes to get monetary damages for stolen lands. The US government would then pay the legal bill. In 1947, Norman Littell was hired by the Navajo Tribe. John Boyden was hired by the Hopi Tribe. In 1952, Boyden files petition for Solicitor to reconsider the mineral rights in the Moqui Reservation. Also Executive Order 10355-Delegating to the Secretary of the Interior the authority of the President to withdraw or reserve lands of the United States for public purposees. http://www.keyahhozhonitours.com/executive_order_10355.html
In 1953, Solicitor asks Boyden to submit legal memorandum for secretarial reintervention in this matter. In 1955, Boyden submits legal memorandum trying to overturn the 1946 Solicitor opinion about who owns the mineral rights. In 1957, Littell responds saying the Navajos own most of the surface rights and therefore own most of the mineral rights. Littell says the US Congress should create a law directing the US judicial to partition the land. Littell and Boyden get permission from there tribal council to sue each other to determine the mineral estate of the Moqui Reservation. BIA prepares legislation for the Navajo and Hopi to sue each other. Rep. Stewart Udall proposes the bill in the US House. Sen. Carl Hayden and Sen. Barry Goldwater introduce the bill in the US Senate. On July 22, 1958, P.L. 85-547 was passed to find out who owns the mineral rights on the Moqui Reservation through the US Federal Court system. Nine days later Willard Sekiestewa, Hopi Tribal Chairman sues the Navajo Tribe. Revoking Executive Order of December 16, 1882, Which Reserved Lands for Moqui(or Hopi) Reservation. January 6, 1959. http://www.keyahhozhonitours.com/revoke_moqui_1773.html
First court decision on Healing vs. Jones 1 issued on May 25, 1959. http://www.keyahhozhonitours.com/healing_1959.html
Healing vs. Jones, II, issue on September 28, 1962. On September 28, 1962, a decision was made in the Healing v. Jones case regarding the Hopi reservation. District 6 would be exclusive Hopi territory. Joint ownership would be created for the rest of the Hopi Reservation or Moqui. The court said they do not have the jurisdiction to partition the land and referred the matter back to congress. Before and after the Healing vs. Jones court decision, oil and coal companies were negotiating with Boyden and Littell for energy leases. The oil and coal companies managed to get their leases. Jones vs. Healing, US Supreme Court Decision.
In 1971, partition of the surface rights started with Rep. Sam Steiger which ultimately led to PL 93-531 which partition the land exclusively for the Navajo and Hopi. From, Geopolitics of the Navajo-Hopi ?Land Dispute?
by John Redhouse at <http://www.angelfire.com/art/hoganview/Geopol.htm>.
Over time the rights of individual indians was taken away in order to steal their money, coal, oil, grazing rights, and land. Evidence was withheld to keep the individual indians on the Moqui Reservation from receiving there fair share of the money.
Monetary donations are requested to fight this land scandal, civil rights abuse and human rights abuse. People have died. People have been removed from their land, killed, abused, and kicked out in the street.
Navajo Nation council delegates have been contacted in trying to present this evidence, but there has been no response. Honorable Earl Carroll has been contacted, but no reply. I fear he will just allow things to continue as before. The next step is to overturn various court decisions and federal laws based upon the fact the Hopiís withheld evidence by not disclosing this information to the U.S. court system.